These spiders have long legs and can vary in color from gray, brown, black and tan with dark brown or black stripes. Wolf spiders don’t spin webs, instead they hunt down their prey. Females are larger than males and will vary in size from 1/4th” to 1” not counting their legs. A Wolf spider’s diet consists of all ground dwelling insects including other spiders. If provoked, wolf spiders can bite but are harmless to humans. Female Wolf spiders will carry her egg sack at the bottom of her abdomen and later carry the babies on her back.
The brown recluse is a light tan to dark brown in color with a violin or fiddle shaped dark brown mark starting at the front of the spider with the neck of the violin pointing towards the rear. They get the recluse name from their reclusive habits. They prefer to live in undisturbed, seldom used areas such as boxes, underneath tables and chairs, along baseboards, in closets, attics, crawlspaces, and basements. Outside they live around rocks, logs, woodpiles, in utility boxes, exterior rodent bait stations and debris. When disturbed, the spider will usually try to run for cover instead of biting. Bites most commonly occur when putting on seldom used clothing and shoes, cleaning out closets or storage areas, and rolling over on one while in bed. Their bite is not usually felt immediately but pain is usually felt within 6–8 hours of being bitten. An ulcer will usually form where the bite was and can result in severe scarring. There is no available antitoxin for brown recluse bite victims.